Presiditial candidate dating
56 primary contests were conducted to choose 2,472 delegates.In 50 states and territories the delegates are allocated to candidates by popular vote either statewide or on the congressional district level and then elected according to state rules.Due to the convoluted election process and divergent definitions of delegate allegiance, even well-informed reporters had to make various assumptions to calculate and deliver estimated delegate tallies.Estimates that include unbound delegates are called "soft counts"; in contrast, the "hard count" includes only those delegates that are bound to vote for a specific candidate at the first ballot, irrespective of their personal preference.Prior to the Iowa caucuses on February 1, Perry, Walker, Jindal, Graham and Pataki withdrew due to low polling numbers.Despite leading many polls in Iowa, Donald Trump came in second to Cruz.
Most delegates are elected as bound delegates, meaning that they must vote for a specific candidate on the first ballot at the national convention.17 major candidates were listed in major independent nationwide polls and filed as candidates with the Federal Election Commission.(See the main article for other notable candidates.) A total of 2,472 delegates went to the 2016 Republican National Convention and the winning candidate needed a simple majority of 1,237 votes to be the Republican nominee.A total of 17 major candidates entered the race starting March 23, 2015, when Senator Ted Cruz of Texas was the first to formally announce his candidacy: he was followed by former Governor Jeb Bush of Florida, retired neurosurgeon Ben Carson of Florida, Governor Chris Christie of New Jersey, businesswoman Carly Fiorina of Virginia, former Governor Jim Gilmore of Virginia, Senator Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, former Governor Mike Huckabee of Arkansas, outgoing Governor Bobby Jindal of Louisiana, Governor John Kasich of Ohio, former Governor George Pataki of New York, Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky, former Governor Rick Perry of Texas, Senator Marco Rubio of Florida, former Senator Rick Santorum of Pennsylvania, businessman Donald Trump of New York and Governor Scott Walker of Wisconsin.
This was the largest presidential primary field for any political party in American history.Convention rules are based on delegate votes, not the popular vote.